Physical security pertains to the actions you can do to ensure and maintain the safety in your buildings and property against intruders or criminals. When planning a physical security program you must know the areas and levels that you need to protect in your property. The three levels that you should address when planning a physical security program are the outer perimeter, inner perimeter and interior level. Safety measures and protection in your property can be achieved by executing two or three type of security at each level.
Below are the three levels of physical security that you need to consider that you need to implement:
1. Outer Perimeter Security
The outer perimeter of your property is the actual property lines and your goal in securing this level is to control who comes in and goes out in the premises of your property. One of the common and intensive forms of outer perimeter security is the use of barbed wire fence with a gate safeguarded by armed security personnel. On the other hand, some property owners choose simple hedge as their defense. When selecting the type of perimeter security to adopt, it is vital that you consider the risk of an intruder trespassing in your home or building with the cost of the physical security that you will impose.
Moreover, it is necessary for you to comprehend the two security concepts regarding perimeter security, the natural access control and territorial reinforcement. Natural access control is the utilization of building features to guide people as they come in and exit in your property. It is necessary to take into consideration both entrances and exits when employing natural access control. It does not only dispirit trespassers but it also shut all the possible escape routes. Another concept that people must understand is the territorial reinforcement. Its principal function is to deter unauthorized access and to make an apparent distinction between public and private property. This is necessary because it gives the rightful owners have a sense of ownership and distinguish the people who do not have the access to enter a property. This also makes it hard for intruders to blend in. Though territorial reinforcement and perimeter security are dissimilar but they share a common goal that is to discourage criminals from entering the premises of your property.
2. Inner Perimeter Security
The inner perimeter of a certain property is comprised of doors, windows and walls. These areas of your building can be protected and safeguarded with the use of locks, keys and alarm systems. The locks and keys are used for the purpose ensuring that intruders will never get the opportunity to get inside the property. An electronic access control system is also widely used today by many commercial buildings and businesses as a tool for controlling the flow of traffic into your inner perimeter. Then, the alarm system tells you when someone breaks in inside your private property. When implementing any physical security system, always make sure that you hold the control of your keys and do not let any unauthorized person make copies of your keys. If an unauthorized person gets an access to your security system without your knowledge, then you could be in a serious trouble.
3. Interior Security
Interior security is an important level of security. It includes the interior of a building or property. Security cameras are effective protection device for monitoring the interior of a building or business. It also serves as a recording evidence of crimes during investigations. Electronic access control systems can also be utilized to manage the flow of traffic within your area and prevent unauthorized people from entering protected areas.